Total Documents: 9


Copyright, Data and AI – What are we trying to achieve anyway?

Document No: PUB 20Q/23 Posted: 24 April 2024
The past year has seen a whirlwind of debate, consultations, guidelines, roundtables, and listening sessions on copyright. It’s even been the topic of discussion in the pub – well among my IP friends at least: 2023, the year copyright became interesting. In the midst of this activity, it’s important that we don’t lose sight of what we want to achieve … which is what, exactly? It is understandable that every industry is thinking about what impact AI will have on their business, as businesses consider what new roles may be required, and what operational changes could be made. There is clear excitement and interest about the potential new opportunities AI presents.

Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil or Commercial Matters

Document No: PUB 20K/19 Posted: 20 January 2020

“A great day for global justice”

These are the opening words of an 8 July 2019 Press Release from the Hague Conference on Private International Law (known as “HCCH”) announcing the adoption on 2 July of the 2019 Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil or Commercial Matters. The somewhat portentous words marked a significant step in a project that had been under way for more than 25 years. Private international law (or “conflict of laws” as it is commonly known in common law countries) is the body of law that determines in which country’s courts a dispute between nationals of different countries can be brought, which law will apply to the dispute and in which countries any court order will be recognised and enforced. It is largely governed by national laws, though there have been attempts to draw up treaties, and a body of EU law exists, setting out rules on any or all these three issues.

Consultation by the Legal Services Board on regulation of in-house lawyers

Document No: PUB 20A/15 Posted: 04 March 2016

The Legal Services Act 2007, which followed the Clementi Review, had two main practical effects:

  • first, it established regulators for lawyers and the Legal Ombudsman independent of professional bodies for lawyers; and
  • secondly (not relevant in the present context), it permitted the creation of private practices consisting of different types of lawyer (“LDPs”) and also consisting of lawyers together with non-lawyers (“ABSs”).

The Federation’s members employ, “in-house”, the following classes of lawyer to do IP work: registered UK patent attorneys, registered UK trade mark attorneys, English solici­tors, and English barristers. Sometimes, members employ European patent attorneys lack­ing national registration; these are not lawyers under the Legal Services Act, but valuably their communications with their clients/employers are privileged on a par with registered UK patent attorneys (Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, Section 280).

Claim format harmonisation

Document No: PUB 20A/13 Posted: 23 December 2013

The Federation’s proposal for international claim format harmonisation, to facilitate cooperation between patent offices and to help users

The Federation’s members are all engaged in international commercial activity and patent­ing. As patentees and/or as potential infringers of third-party patents, they waste time and money to the extent there are unnecessary differences in law and procedure between major territories. The same differences waste the time of patent office examiners, who are less able to take advantage of each other’s work. There are differences whose elimination –

  1. should be readily negotiable internationally because they do not raise fundamental issues of principle (as differences in grace periods, exceptions and limitations, and industrial applicability do); and
  2. should offer particular savings because they are of practical relevance to most inventions rather than just to a minority of inventions (as are the more fundamental differences just referred to).

Copyright Update

Document No: PUB 20B/13 Posted: 23 December 2013

Copyright is relevant to many different kinds of commercial activity. During 2013 there has been a steady flow of industry initiatives, government initiatives at UK and European level, and developments in case law. The EU agenda has been delayed, so the UK has taken the opportunity to make its own progress in areas where the EU may yet legislate, working on the basis that it will make any necessary amendments as and when EU Directives are transposed into UK law. Most of the developments are concerned with adapting copyright law to cope with the effects, and advantages, of digital technology.

Copyright & Levies

Document No: PUB 20D/12 Posted: 08 March 2013

In December 2011, the Government published proposals for implementing a number of the recommendations relating to copyright which it had accepted in its August 2011 response to the Hargreaves Review of IP and Growth. Simultaneously Baroness Wilcox, the IP minister at the time, launched a Government consultation seeking views on these proposals.

Commission Consultation on the Enforcement Directive

Document No: PUB 7/11 Posted: 13 February 2012
The Enforcement Directive 2004/48/EC relates to the enforcement of all intellectual prop­erty rights. It was intended in particular to provide access to information concerning an al­leged infringing activity to enable a right holder to make a case in Court, and even seizure of materials. The necessary powers were already possessed, for instance, by the Courts in England and France, but not in all other EU countries. The European Commission invited comments (due by 31 March 2011) on the functioning of the Directive from interested par­ties, with a view to its amendment in due course. The Directive has been felt wanting with regard to Internet-related infringements.

Copyright Levies

Document No: PUB 3/11 Posted: 13 February 2012
Since the collapse of the Commission-backed Stakeholder Platform in early 2010, industry has focused its efforts primarily on seeking to get copyright levies back on the EU policy / legislative agenda. Against the odds, that strategy has paid off – the topic is now well and truly back in the political spotlight.

Copyright Levies

Document No: PUB 4/10 Posted: 14 December 2010

On 7 January 2010 talks aimed at modernizing the system of private copy levies in Europe broke down when industry called time. The discussions, dating back to July 2008, had been held in the context of a ‘Stakeholder Platform’ facilitated by the European Commission involving Collecting Societies and industry representatives, with BEUC (the European consumer organization) having observer status. After 18 months, as far as industry was concerned, the talks had failed to deliver any con­crete results and there was no prospect even of agreeing a way forward.

The IPO and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) are jointly funding a 12-month academic research project to examine the impact of copyright levy systems.